Step-by-Step: Setting up IIS 5.0 on Windows 2000 Professional - Installation and Web Server
Updated: February 20, 2001


A few words before we start the guide.  Windows 2000 Professional is a good operating system to run a webserver for several reasons. 
  1. Windows 2000 Professional is a very stable operating system.  You can leave the server unattended for months at a time and not worry about system crashes and failures.
  2. It's not as expensive as Windows 2000 Server or Advanced Server.  A very important consideration!
  3. IIS 5.0 can handle web, FTP, and email services nicely.  The only drawback is that you are limited to 10 concurrent connections to your website which shouldn't be a problem for most people.
  4. The webserver software is included with OS and is easy to setup.
Okay, enough with the sales pitch, let's install this baby.

Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Add/Remove Programs -> Add/Remove Windows Components

Select "Internet Information Services (IIS)" then click on "Details".

Some of the components you do not need, but for this example, we'll install the whole IIS package since we want the webserver, FTP server, and mail capabilities.

Click on "Next"
The dialog box will show files being copied to your hard disk.

After a few moments, you'll get this dialog box that ask you to insert the Windows 2000 CD into your CD-ROM drive.  Put in the CD then click "OK".

The files will continue to be copied.  This could take a while.  When everything is done, you'll see this screen.  Click on "Finish".

Then all the windows close and you're left staring at your blank desktop again.  In order to go configure your website, you need to go:

Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Internet Service Manager

It would be smart to create a shortcut to "Internet Service Manager" on your desktop since this is where most of the configuration of your website takes place.

The other way to manage your website is through the "Personal Web Manager".

This is a scaled back version of the "Internet Service Manager" and it cannot control your FTP or mail services, so I do not recommend using it.  However, it does have a cool bar graph showing how many people and connections you have to your website so that is pretty interesting.

Personal Web Manager includes a nice Product Tour.

The "Advanced Options" here is also much thinner than the Internet Service Manager.

Double click on "Internet Service Manager" and let's get started.  Click on the name of your computer to see the summary of what's going on with your computer.  In my case, my computer is called "Brian" so the name I see and click on is "*brian".

Since we chose to install all the IIS components, you will see the Web, FTP, and SMTP mail server all running.  You can disable a particular service (Web, FTP, or SMTP) by right clicking on the service and choosing "pause" or "stop".

You'll notice under "IP Address" it says "All Unassigned"  This means that all requests to your server will be answered by your computer.  If for some reason your server has several IP addresses, you will want to specify the exact IP address that the Internet Services is supposed to respond to.

If your computer only has 1 IP address, we can leave the IP address as "All Unassigned".

Let's take a look at the Web Service.  Right click on "Default Web Site" then select "Properties". 

As you explore the different tabs, you'll notice that there are several boxes and options that are grayed out.  These options are only available in the Server Editions like Windows 2000 Server and Advanced Server.

Since there are so many options I'll just hit the major points.

Tab: Web Site
Description - Can be changed to your liking
IP Address - Can leave as "All unassigned" or the specific IP address of your computer.
TCP Port - 80 is the standard and should remain that way unless you have a good reason to change it.
Connections - Since we're using Windows 2000 Professional and not the Server Editions, we are limited to 10 concurrent web connections.  Each visitor creates 2-3 connections so this means your webserver using this software is limited to 3-4 concurrent visitors which should not be a problem for a small website.

Tab: Performance

Tab: ISAPI Filters

Tab: Home Directory
Local Path - This is where your files for your website reside.  You can change this directory to whatever directory you like.
Write - Unless you want your visitors to actually change your website, you must leave this unchecked.
Directory Browsing - If you check this box, When a visitor comes to a directory that does not have a default document, the visitor will see an error message stating that they are not authorized to view the contents of that directory.  If you uncheck this box, they will get a complete list of what files you have in the directory.  It is best to leave the box unchecked.

Tab: Documents
There is a list of default documents that the webserver will look for when a visitor accesses a directory.  The starting point of your website must be listed here.  You can either rename your first page of your website to Default.htm or another defualt document type that you specify.  Traditionally, the first page of most websites is "index.html" so you can add that to the list and promote it to the top using the up arrow on the left side.

Tab: Directory Security

Tab: HTTP Headers

Tab: Custom Errors

Tab: Server Extensions

We can now check to see if your web service is working correctly.  From your web browser from the same machine, type in the name of your computer or the IP number of your computer.

This is what you should see.

Here is a list of how to access your webpage from any computer
 



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